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A new phase of feared arms race has finally reached
at the doorsteps of South Asia by the auspicious of foot settings by the
President Obama as chief guest on India’s Republic Day on 26 January 2015.  Consequently, the repetitive misapprehended
and irrational judgment of nuclear cooperation with a de-facto nuclear state
for enhancing the ostensible civilian nuclear cooperation with a so-called
natural ally is, logically no more than business-related interests and
consequently providing an opportunity to the ever-aggressive state of the
region only for empowering it to challenge the China.
The Indo-US nuclear deal came as a result of Bush administration’s
aspiration during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s visit to the United States in
July 2005. The Bush administration declared its ambition to pull off civil
nuclear energy cooperation with India as part of its broader objectives of
promoting nuclear power and achieving nuclear security. In pursuance of these
objectives, the Bush administration at that time agreed to seek agreement from
Congress to adjust U.S. laws and policies for working with friends and allies
to adjust international regimes to enable full civil nuclear energy cooperation
without paying any heed to the articles of Non-Proliferation Treaty which
states: Each nuclear weapon state Party to the Treaty undertakes not to
transfer any recipient whatsoever nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosives
directly, or indirectly, or induce any non-nuclear weapon state to manufacture
or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, or
control over such weapons or explosives..
The basis of such behavior of paying less-regard to
the rules has an itinerary of nations’ history when the business-related
objectives played a leading role in reshaping and persuading foreign policy
decisions. Fundamentally, the foreign policy determines how a nation conducts
its relations with the other countries. National interests that shape foreign
policy covers a broader spectrum of political, economic, military and other
fields specially, focusing certain goals such as a variety of opportunities to
ensure national sovereignty, defence and other political gains that enable any
state to protect its national interests in the world. The foreign policies also
take into consideration the core human values and the betterment of the whole humanity,
therefore, many civilized nations in the world decided to withdraw from most of
their policies only for the sake of humankind like withdrawing nuclear programs
and so on though they were capable to develop and maintain tremendous stocks of
mass-killing weapons.
The disgusting arms race in South Asia, because of recent
development will pave the way for an aged-hegemonic dream of India of atomic
colonization of the South Asian region. This was an aspiration, also repeatedly
expressed by the Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru in the Lok Sabha.
Moreover, the nuclear-dominance designs of India reflect a typical mindset of
becoming a regional and later on a dominant player of the global arena. These
ambitions were firmly replicated by Nehru’s address to the Indian
parliament in1948 by accrediting country’s objectives and declaring that,
“of course, if we are compelled as a nation to use nuclear capability for any
other purpose, then possibly no pious sentiment of any of us will stop the
nation from using it that way”.
In addition, the historical experience of two superpowers
and Cold War rivals was, basically, the ideological hostility and a contest of
military supremacy over the other belligerent side. This race produced
unprecedented proportions. Since each competitor wanted to gain enough military
dexterity to overawe the other consequently, the weapons of exceptional
lethality and destructiveness became at the highest priority of both powers.
The rational upshot of this armament competition outbreak with huge stockpiles
of weapons of mass destruction that were estimated more than 70,000 – a total
of worlds 98% of nuclear warheads only belonged to the United States and the Soviet
 The people of
two countries have already been severely victims at the hands of poverty and
lack of access to basic human needs. A new race of armaments in an unbalanced
power symmetric region will cost very high and add only to the sufferings of
the people. A civilized nation who advocates the democracy, liberty and human
rights and is the sole promoter of human dignity and values  should reconsider its policy of empowering a
non- NPT state, which will only trigger a new era of the arms race and will
further add to the global WMD stockpiles and enhancing to the overkill
capabilities of aggressive countries. The world has already greatly suffered at
the hands of wars, conflicts, environmental degradation and consequently, with
growth in poverty. This is the need of hour for the whole humanity and especially
the civilized and developed nations of the world to play their constructive
role, think for the true betterment of humankind, and make our planet worth

Written By Nasurullah Brohi

* The writer works as a Research Fellow in Strategic Vision Institute, Islamabad
and can be reached at

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