Blogger Widgets

Wednesday, December 1, 2010

Indian ( Bharat ) defence strategy analysis - Pak Patriot

Three data points about Bharati Defense procurement. Apart from the overpayment for the Admiral Gorshkov, the inability to build the kevari, and construct the LCA, there are hundreds of glaring examples of Ready Fire and Aim the Bharati strategies. Stephen Cohen, the author of Bharat‘s “Cold Start Strategy” is at it again. It got Bharat into a pickle in 2001 with his hair brained Operation Parakaram which was robustly rebutted by Pakistan‘s Azm e Nau exercises. The entire philosophy did not cater to a Post-Pokhran world. Now, Stephen Cohen turns this around and has begun to blame the Bharati establishment. The obsession with Pakistan is apparent in Vice Admiral Raman Puri’s recent interview with Rediff News.

Vice Admiral Raman Puri points out some hard facts while talking to Sheela Bhatt of Rediff News on issues of Indian military’s equipment procurement from the US and joint operation of the armed forces.

The Indian experience of buying weapons from America is not smooth. We have recently found problems in weapons-locating radars of the United States. The American transfer of technology means that they will build, they will sell the item and keep you on a short leash as far as spare parts and support system are concerned.

My contention is that as long as we don’t have a deep political understanding with the US, it is not advisable to get into a deep defence relationship. The Asia Pacific is America’s concern, but India’s concern is Pakistan, Afghanistan and China. Why do we need certain defence agreements with US that give us inter-operability in far away shores?

Further, growing Indo-US defense ties suggest that the Indian government has given up on the goal of self-reliance. It is now merely a political slogan. Their excuse is lame. Vice Admiral Raman Puri

◦Cicero, the Greek philosopher, wrote almost two millennia ago, “Armies can signify but little abroad unless there be counsel and wise management at home.”
◦Are these defence acquisitions part of a carefully structured strategy for military modernisation or are these piecemeal purchases that will only replace obsolescent weapons and equipment with more modern ones but will not add substantially to India’s comprehensive military power
◦India lacks not only a coherent national security strategy, but also the tools and processes necessary to formulate such a strategy
◦India’s military strategy has not evolved in concert with its nuclear power status
◦The defence-acquisition process is plagued by tardy decision-making, and large amounts of budgetary allocations on the capital account are surrendered every year, leading to completely haphazard military modernisation.
◦In FY 2009-10, the Ministry of Defence surrendered Rs 5,439 crore over the budgetary estimates for the year.
◦“We believe that this state of arming without aiming will continue into the future.”
Stephen Cohen will sell a lot of books but will it be worth it? Here is an analysis by Gurmeet Kanwal.

According to a recent KPMG report, India is likely to spend up to $100 billion on the purchase of military equipment over the next 10 years. During the last decade, India acquired T-90S main battle tanks, the USS Trenton, an amphibious warfare ship that can lift an infantry battalion, and weapon-locating radars, and signed deals for six Scorpene attack submarines and for the upgrade of Mirage 2000 fighter-bomber aircraft. Admiral Gorshkov, a Russian aircraft carrier, will soon be on its way after a prolonged refit and INS Arihant, an indigenously designed, nuclear-powered submarine, is undergoing sea trials. India also acquired a host of low-end equipment for counter-insurgency operations and for upgrading the infantry’s combat efficiency. Besides these purchases, the acquisition or manufacture of 126 MMRCA fighter aircraft, almost 1,500 155mm howitzers, about 250 light helicopters, P8I Poseidon maritime reconnaissance aircraft, C-130J Super Hercules aircraft for Special Forces, C-17 Globemaster heavy lift aircraft and many other items of defence equipment are in the pipeline.

Are these defence acquisitions part of a carefully structured strategy for military modernisation or are these piecemeal purchases that will only replace obsolescent weapons and equipment with more modern ones but will not add substantially to India’s comprehensive military power? In Arming Without Aiming: India’s Military Modernisation, Stephen P. Cohen and Sunil Dasgupta carefully analyse the plans for and the thought process behind India’s ongoing military modernisation and aver that the process lacks political support and guidance, is haphazard and bereft of strategic direction and is not in consonance with evolving doctrinal and organisational changes. They conclude rather pessimistically: “We believe that this state of arming without aiming will continue into the future.”

Given the absence of a resolute strategic culture and keeping in view of India’s gross neglect of long-term national security planning, it is difficult to dispute Cohen and Dasgupta’s finding that India is arming without aiming. India lacks not only a coherent national security strategy, but also the tools and processes necessary to formulate such a strategy. As the authors argue, civilian distrust of the military has been deep-rooted since the Nehru era and the armed forces have little say in national security decision-making. While there is the National Security Council for long-term defence planning, its apex body — which essentially comprises the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) plus the National Security Advisor (NSA) — seldom meets to deliberate on long-term threats and emerging challenges and on the adversaries’ military capabilities that should together drive military strategy, force structures and the modernisation plans necessary to meet and defeat future threats.

The armed forces have drawn up a long-term integrated perspective plan (LTIPP), but it is yet to be approved by the government. The 11th Defence Plan (2007-12) is now in its fourth year and has not been accorded formal approval. The armed forces are left with no choice but to stumble along from one financial year to the next. The defence-acquisition process is plagued by tardy decision-making, and large amounts of budgetary allocations on the capital account are surrendered every year, leading to completely haphazard military modernisation. In FY 2009-10, the Ministry of Defence surrendered Rs 5,439 crore over the budgetary estimates for the year. Cicero, the Greek philosopher, wrote almost two millennia ago, “Armies can signify but little abroad unless there be counsel and wise management at home.”

However, not all is lost. The two new mountain divisions by the army clearly indicate that the emphasis has shifted from Pakistan, whose military power is rapidly declining, towards a rising and increasingly assertive China, which shall indisputably remain a long-term military threat as long as the territorial dispute is not satisfactorily resolved. The acquisition of strategic sealift and airlift capabilities and air-to-air refuelling for fighter aircraft signals India’s attempts to build intervention and rapid reaction capabilities in keeping with its regional power status. The importance being given to upgrading command and control systems shows the aspirations of the armed forces to acquire the tools necessary to benefit from the combat synergies provided by network-centric and effects-based operations.

Yet, as Cohen and Dasgupta, who have competently covered a fairly wide canvas in a short book, point out, India’s military strategy has not evolved in concert with its nuclear power status. While analysing the complexities of the modernisation of the military (army, navy, air force and paramilitary), they examine the contours of India’s emergence as a “reluctant” nuclear power and discuss the fragility and ambiguity of strategic stability in south Asia. They also delve into the factors behind India’s famed strategic restraint and abnormally high threshold of tolerance and conclude that India is unlikely to dramatically change its policies with increasing affluence and growing military power. Finally, the authors highlight the common concerns and the congruence of interests between India and the US and recommend that the US must support India’s military modernisation plans.

As with previous books on south Asia by Cohen, which were very well received, Arming Without Aiming presents a masterful analysis of the complex strategic realities that confront India and the inadequacy of India’s response. The authors have identified the fault lines very well and while they have refrained from being too prescriptive, they have offered many positive suggestions for Indian policymakers to consider. This book must be read by all those who are involved in national security decision-making and policy-analysis. (Gurmeet Kanwal is director, Centre for Land Warfare Studies, New Delhi)

Read More: http://www.pakistanpatriot.com/?p=33654

Reactions:

26 comments:

Nice blog right here! Also your site lots up very fast!
What host are you using? Can

I am getting your affiliate link in your host? I

wish my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

Here is my web blog: Solar panel
Feel free to surf my web-site - homemade solar panel

I'm really enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It's a very
easy on the eyes which makes it

much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often.

Did you hire out a designer to create

your theme? Exceptional work!

Here is my site: 3 branches of government worksheets free
My homepage ; 10 day weather forecast dubai uae

I will immediately grab your rss as I can not find your e-mail subscription

link or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Please let me know so that I


could subscribe. Thanks.

Also visit my web page: spain bullfighting brothers
Also visit my web page - mother bride dresses spain

I just like the valuable information you provide on your

articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and check once more right here

frequently. I am rather certain

I’ll learn many new stuff proper right

here! Good luck for the next!

my blog ... 4 letter words ending in zen
Look at my weblog : http://www.catralproperty.net/

Along with every thing that

appears to be building within this subject

matter, your opinions tend to be fairly stimulating.
However, I am sorry, but I can not subscribe to
your entire strategy, all be it exciting none the

less. It would seem to everyone that your opinions

are not completely justified and in actuality you are yourself
not even thoroughly confident of your point. In any

event I did take pleasure in looking at it.

my web-site ... www.deanlee.cn
My web blog :: indulgence nail spa st petersburg

Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped

me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped
me.

my blog :: 2012 military pay chart army reserve
My web site - 2011 nba draft prospects by position

Thanks for the good writeup. It actually was a entertainment account it.

Glance complicated to

more added agreeable from you! However, how could we be in contact?


Here is my web blog ... 3 or 4 Letter Words Ending with j
My site - 15 days weather forecast benalmadena spain

I definitely wanted to

write down a brief note in order to

say thanks to you for all the stunning steps you are writing at this site.
My particularly long internet look up has at

the end of the day been compensated with beneficial insight to share with my colleagues.

I would suppose that many of us site visitors actually are undeniably endowed to
live in a magnificent

website with many awesome professionals with good strategies.

I feel

extremely lucky to

have discovered your site and look forward to many more pleasurable moments reading
here. Thank you again for a lot of things.

Feel free to visit my web-site; spain national team euro cup 2012
My site - spain bank account format

I’m not sure where you're getting your info, but great topic. I needs to spend some

time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for excellent

information I was looking for this info for my mission.

my homepage: www.jviii.com
Feel free to visit my weblog :: 10 day weather forecast orihuela costa

I have been checking out some of your stories and it's pretty nice stuff. I will surely bookmark your website.

Also visit my site ... nalavke.ru
My web-site ... visit the next page

Hi, Neat post. There is a problem with your web site
in internet explorer, would test

this… IE still is the market leader and a big portion of people will miss your

fantastic writing because of this problem.

Feel free to surf to my web blog Http://Sporro.Blog.Unq.Edu.Ar/
Also visit my web site - 2012 calendar november printable

I found your weblog site on google and check a few
of your early posts. Proceed to maintain up the

superb operate. I just extra up your RSS feed to my MSN Information Reader.



Searching for ahead to studying extra from you later on!



My site - mit-loeb.blogspot.fr
Also visit my web blog - Spain weather conditions March

I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was
good. I do not know who you are

but certainly you are going to a famous blogger if
you are not already ;) Cheers!

Here is my homepage: sweetdreamsaromatherapy.com
Feel free to surf my web blog solar panels

I'm still learning from you, while I'm trying to reach

my goals. I absolutely enjoy reading everything


that is written on your website.Keep the information coming.

I

enjoyed it!

Also visit my blog post :: http://topseobacklinks.com/search/http://www.spcai.org/index.php/news-and-blog/blog/entry/a-new-baby-and-your-pet.html
Feel free to visit my site ... Dolores Costa Blanca Spain

You made some decent points there. I did a search on the topic and found most individuals will approve with

your site.

Here is my weblog - vodobox.com
My site - rogers silverplate

Does your site have a contact page? I'm having a tough time locating it but, I'd like to

shoot you an e-mail. I've got some ideas for your blog you

might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it improve over time.

Also visit my web page; http://community.adampartridge.co.uk
Here is my web blog ... river ebro angling holidays

I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written

by him as nobody else know such detailed about my problem.
You are

wonderful! Thanks!

my page - pixnet.net
Feel free to visit my site ; buying a new construction home

Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research

on this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more clear from
this post.

I am very glad to see such magnificent information being
shared freely

out there.

Also visit my blog spain foods dessert
My web site - space heaters paul harvey

Excellent website. Lots of helpful

information here. I am sending it to some friends ans additionally

sharing in delicious. And of course, thanks for your

sweat!

My web site jocolibrary.org
Also visit my web page ; fast payday cash loan with savings account

Hello! Quick question that's completely off

topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My site looks weird when

viewing from my apple iphone. I'm trying to find a template or plugin that

might be able to correct this issue. If you have any recommendations, please share.


Thanks!

Visit my web-site ... http://forums.Melodicrock.com
Here is my web site ... abama tenerife offers

Hey There. I found your blog the use of msn. This is a really
neatly written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and

come back to learn extra of your helpful info. Thank you for the

post. I will definitely return.

Feel free to surf to my blog post: reedbunting.dealsbookmarks.com
Here is my web blog : spain forum expat Castelldefels

An attention-grabbing dialogue is price comment.
I feel that it is best to write more on this

subject, it may not be a taboo topic but typically

individuals are not enough to talk on such topics.
To the next. Cheers

Stop by my blog: centr.md

Currently it looks like BlogEngine is the preferred blogging
platform available right now. (from what I've read) Is that

what you are using on your blog?

Check out my webpage http://dimwito.com

We're a bunch of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.

Your website provided us with useful information to paintings

on. You have performed an impressive job and our whole

community will likely be grateful to

you.

Review my blog post ... moodle.univ-antananarivo.mg

Post a Comment