A new phase of feared arms race has finally reached at the doorsteps of South Asia by the auspicious of foot settings by the President Obama as chief guest on India’s Republic Day on 26 January 2015. Consequently, the repetitive misapprehended and irrational judgment of nuclear cooperation with a de-facto nuclear state for enhancing the ostensible civilian nuclear cooperation with a so-called natural ally is, logically no more than business-related interests and consequently providing an opportunity to the ever-aggressive state of the region only for empowering it to challenge the China.
The Indo-US nuclear deal came as a result of Bush administration’s aspiration during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s visit to the United States in July 2005. The Bush administration declared its ambition to pull off civil nuclear energy cooperation with India as part of its broader objectives of promoting nuclear power and achieving nuclear security. In pursuance of these objectives, the Bush administration at that time agreed to seek agreement from Congress to adjust U.S. laws and policies for working with friends and allies to adjust international regimes to enable full civil nuclear energy cooperation without paying any heed to the articles of Non-Proliferation Treaty which states: Each nuclear weapon state Party to the Treaty undertakes not to transfer any recipient whatsoever nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosives directly, or indirectly, or induce any non-nuclear weapon state to manufacture or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, or control over such weapons or explosives..
The basis of such behavior of paying less-regard to the rules has an itinerary of nations’ history when the business-related objectives played a leading role in reshaping and persuading foreign policy decisions. Fundamentally, the foreign policy determines how a nation conducts its relations with the other countries. National interests that shape foreign policy covers a broader spectrum of political, economic, military and other fields specially, focusing certain goals such as a variety of opportunities to ensure national sovereignty, defence and other political gains that enable any state to protect its national interests in the world. The foreign policies also take into consideration the core human values and the betterment of the whole humanity, therefore, many civilized nations in the world decided to withdraw from most of their policies only for the sake of humankind like withdrawing nuclear programs and so on though they were capable to develop and maintain tremendous stocks of mass-killing weapons.
The disgusting arms race in South Asia, because of recent development will pave the way for an aged-hegemonic dream of India of atomic colonization of the South Asian region. This was an aspiration, also repeatedly expressed by the Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru in the Lok Sabha. Moreover, the nuclear-dominance designs of India reflect a typical mindset of becoming a regional and later on a dominant player of the global arena. These ambitions were firmly replicated by Nehru’s address to the Indian parliament in1948 by accrediting country’s objectives and declaring that, “of course, if we are compelled as a nation to use nuclear capability for any other purpose, then possibly no pious sentiment of any of us will stop the nation from using it that way”.
In addition, the historical experience of two superpowers and Cold War rivals was, basically, the ideological hostility and a contest of military supremacy over the other belligerent side. This race produced unprecedented proportions. Since each competitor wanted to gain enough military dexterity to overawe the other consequently, the weapons of exceptional lethality and destructiveness became at the highest priority of both powers. The rational upshot of this armament competition outbreak with huge stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction that were estimated more than 70,000 - a total of worlds 98% of nuclear warheads only belonged to the United States and the Soviet Union.
The people of two countries have already been severely victims at the hands of poverty and lack of access to basic human needs. A new race of armaments in an unbalanced power symmetric region will cost very high and add only to the sufferings of the people. A civilized nation who advocates the democracy, liberty and human rights and is the sole promoter of human dignity and values should reconsider its policy of empowering a non- NPT state, which will only trigger a new era of the arms race and will further add to the global WMD stockpiles and enhancing to the overkill capabilities of aggressive countries. The world has already greatly suffered at the hands of wars, conflicts, environmental degradation and consequently, with growth in poverty. This is the need of hour for the whole humanity and especially the civilized and developed nations of the world to play their constructive role, think for the true betterment of humankind, and make our planet worth living.
Written By Nasurullah Brohi
* The writer works as a Research Fellow in Strategic Vision Institute, Islamabad and can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org